Virtual Conference
Muzaffer Çelik

Muzaffer Çelik

Florence Nightingale Hospital, Turkey

Title: Craniofacial bone grafting

Abstract

Craniofacial bone grafting plays an important role in the reconstruction of the craniofacial skeleton. Most of the craniofacial surgeons accepted that bony defects of the face must be reconstructed with bone, and soft tissue defects must be reconstructed with soft tissues. Several studies have described the cranial bone grafting procedure that is preferred by most craniofacial surgeons worldwide. In the past and currently, alloplastic and other autogenous materials have been used to reconstruct the craniofacial skeleton. However, alloplastic materials have been abandoned as they are associated with a high risk of complications such as migration, infection, and underlying bone resorption.

Craniofacial bone grafting plays an important role in the reconstruction of the craniofacial skeleton. Most of the craniofacial surgeons accepted that bony defects of the face must be reconstructed with bone and soft tissue defects must be reconstructed with soft tissues. Several studies have described the cranial bone grafting procedure that is preferred by most craniofacial surgeons worldwide . In the past and currently, alloplastic and other autogenous materials have been used to reconstruct the craniofacial skeleton. However, alloplastic materials have been abandoned as they are associated with a high risk of complications such as migration, infection, and underlying bone resorption.

If vascularized free bone flaps and nonvascularized iliac bone grafts for mandibular reconstruction are eliminated, cranial bone grafts are the gold standard for use in the craniofacial skeleton. Because cranial bone grafts are composed of membranous bone, it is felt that they retain their bulk better than other types of bone grafts do, especially if they are rigidly fixed. Post-traumatic defects such as orbital floor fractures, postresection defects due to bone tumors, congenital bone defects, and esthetic reasons are some of the indications for the use of cranial bone grafts.

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