Huynh Phuoc HauHo Chi Minh Medicine and Pharmacy, Viet Nam
Title: Tuberculosis arthritis of the knee with rice body formation: A report of a rare case
Tuberculosis (TB) is a common and endemic disease in developing country. Approximately 10.4 million patients develop active infections worldwide, result in almost1.4 million deaths annually. Although the majority of newly diagnose case have pulmonary TB, various organs, bones and joints may also affected. Skeletal TB in particular accounts for approximately 10% to 35% of extrapulmonary cases, and the knee is the third most frequently affected site after the spine and hip. Rice body formation in the knee is inconsistent but common in tuberculosis and rheumatoid arthritis or/and tuberculosis synovitis. The biggest challenge in diagnosis tuberculosis arthritis is to consider the possibility in differential diagnosis, not only in endemic countries where tuberculosis is frequent. A high level is suspicion for TB should be maintained for every infection of the knee joint, particularly in the case of intra-articular rice bodies.
Huynh Phuoc Hau has completed his MD at the age of 30 years from Ho Chi Minh Medicine and Pharmacy University, Vietnam. He is an orthopedic surgeon at Cho Ray hospital. He has many publications that have been cited. He is a member of Orthopedic Association of Ho Chi Minh city, Viet Nam.